An Overview of SPC Flooring

SPC Flooring

Flooring is arguably the most important feature of any property, and it needs to be durable, easy to maintain, and visually appealing. SPC flooring is a popular choice for property owners searching for a reliable solution that ticks all the boxes. In this article, we will provide an overview of what SPC flooring is, what it’s made of, and its benefits.

Hybrid flooring can be made with a pure vinyl core, a wood-polymer composite (WPC,) and a stone-polymer composite (SPC.) In this article, we will be focussing on SPC flooring. SPC flooring offers an excellent and budget-friendly option for residential homes, whether it’s in kitchens, living spaces, bathrooms, or commercial spaces. Its affordability and durability make it a smart choice to enhance your home’s aesthetics and functionality

what is spc flooring

What is SPC flooring?

SPC stands for Stone Plastic Composite, Stone Polymer Composite, or Solid Polymer Composite, and it’s a type of rigid core luxury vinyl tile (LVT or LVP) flooring that is designed to look like hardwood, stone, tile or stylish patterns.

SPC has been hailed as the “next generation” in vinyl flooring. Unlike wood and laminate floors, SPC flooring boasts 100% water resistance, making it incredibly versatile and ideal for all spaces, including wet rooms like bathrooms and kitchens.

The stone polymer composite (SPC) provides a core layer that is virtually indestructible, ensuring its shape remains intact even on uneven subfloors. With exceptional durability and stability, it offers long-lasting performance and maintains its integrity. SPC flooring stands out as the most durable waterproof vinyl option on the market.

Usually installed with a click-style system, SPC flooring is significantly faster to install than traditional floorboards or tiles. No adhesive or nails are necessary for the installation.

SPC flooring is often designed to mimic natural materials like wood and stone. Advanced printing technology is used to produce high-definition images that resemble natural details and textures.

What is SPC flooring made of?

The core of SPC flooring is made of stone (usually limestone) powder (knowns as calcium carbonate), polyvinyl chloride (PVC,) and stabiliser. The limestone powder makes the SPC core more rigid and helps prevent expanding and contracting, while the PVC adds flexibility and durability. The stabiliser prevents the SPC flooring from degrading over time and helps maintain its shape and structure. Generally, manufacturers produce the SPC core from 3.2 to 7 millimetres thick.

While it ranges depending on the manufacturer, SPC planks are generally made up of the following layers:

  1. UV layer: Ensures stain-resistance, waterproof performance and prevents fading.
  2. Wear layer: Preserves the authentic colour and embossing, protecting it from scratches.
  3. Decorative layer: This is the printed pattern, often made to resemble timber.
  4. SPC core: Durable rigid core of the plank that doesn’t expand or contract with shifts in temperature or humidity
  5. Bottom layer: This may be a cork or foam backing material that gives cushioning for comfort and insulation.
SPC Flooring Structure

What are the benefits of SPC flooring?

SPC flooring is durable, easy to clean and maintain, and waterproof, making it perfect for homes or commercial spaces. It’s also highly resilient and resistant to wear and tear, making it a great choice in high-traffic areas like kitchens and hallways.

Below we outline some of the pros and cons of installing SPC flooring:

Pros of SPC flooring

  • Easy to install: SPC flooring boards effortlessly interlock. No adhesive or nails are needed, simplifying installation and ensuring a seamless finish.
  • Ultra Durable: This flooring type is dense and resists impact damage well. SPC flooring is one of the most durable flooring options around.
  • Comfortable: Most SPC flooring planks and tiles are equipped with a cushioned underlay, providing a comfortable walking experience while offering some level of heat and sound insulation.
  • Stable: SPC flooring, unlike traditional wood-based flooring or even WPCs, remains unaffected by fluctuations in temperature and moisture. This attribute prevents any expansion or contraction, ensuring long-lasting durability and stability.
  • Affordable: More affordable than timber flooring, SPC flooring is a budget-friendly option.
  • Scratch and Dent Resistant: Quality SPC floors have a durable wear layer that offers superior scratch and dent resistance.
  • 100% Waterproof: SPC flooring is one of the best waterproof flooring options, making it perfect for those who want timber-look flooring in their kitchen or bathroom.
  • Long-Lasting: SPC generally has extended manufacturer warranties due to its exceptional durability.
  • Versatile Designs: SPC flooring is available in various patterns, from traditional wood grains to stone varieties to modern geometric shapes, providing customers with many design options.

Cons of SPC flooring

  • Undeniably Imitation: Regardless of how lifelike the design layer may appear, SPC flooring is unlikely to be mistaken for genuine timber.
  • Colours Fade: Despite the UV protective coating, SPC flooring can fade over time in direct sunlight.
  • Can’t be Restored: Refinishing is not an option with SPC floors, and damaged planks must be replaced. However, SPC flooring boasts a long lifespan, meaning you won’t need to replace it often.
  • Can be Hard Underfoot: Quality SPC flooring will have an underlay to give the floor just a little bit of bounce. Be wary of inferior products that can be thin and unforgiving to walk on.
Benefits of SPC Flooring

How to clean SPC flooring

Cleaning SPC flooring is simple and easy. You may use a slightly damp mop and mild cleaning agents, as harsh chemicals may damage the floor’s surface. However, SPC flooring has a protective coating that prevents dirt and other contaminants from penetrating deeply, making cleaning easy. Like other vinyl flooring, SPC floors are exceptionally hygienic, as they have a sealed surface that prevents the proliferation of bacteria.

SPC flooring is a reliable option for homeowners looking for a durable, low-maintenance solution. Its unique construction and surface design make it a popular choice for people who want affordable yet stylish surfaces. Its advantages, such as durability, water resistance, and rich designs, cater to homeowners’ specific requirements. Whether you’re building or renovating, SPC flooring is worth considering.

At Back To Timber, we offer a variety of SPC hybrid flooring options. Check out some of our favourites below.

If you have questions about these products or any other flooring products, please contact our friendly team. We’d love to hear from you!

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